Course Sentences/Italian/Guidebook

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🇮🇹 Italiano 🇮🇹

Duolingo Italian Guidebook

Unit 1: Use basic phrases, describe basic actions

Unit 2: Greet people, talk about food

Unit 3: Form the plural

Unit 4: Talk about animals, talk about food and drink

Unit 5: Describe possessions

Unit 6: Discuss clothing, ask questions

Unit 7: Talk about the present

Unit 8: Describe colors, form complex sentences

Unit 9: Talk about places, express dates and times

Unit 10: Describe your family, talk about quantity

Unit 11: Talk about occupations

Unit 12: Describe your home, describe people and things

Unit 13: Talk about habits, use adverbs

Unit 14: Describe places, identify common objects

Unit 15: Describe people, use pronouns

Unit 16: Use numbers

Unit 17: Describe what's around you, talk about the present

Unit 18: Use the present perfect, describe people

Unit 19: Use the infinitive, use pronouns

Unit 20: Speak formally

Unit 21: Tell others what to do, discuss student life

Unit 22: Talk about travel

Unit 23: Give directions, describe your childhood

Unit 24: Express feelings

Unit 25: Discuss abstract concepts

Unit 26: Talk about sports, talk about the distant past

Unit 27: Describe things

Unit 28: Use adverbs

Unit 29: Discuss abstract concepts

Unit 30: Use the infinitive

Unit 31: Talk about your health

Unit 32: Talk about the future

Unit 33: Use gerunds

Unit 34: Discuss art, talk about the future

Unit 35: Discuss abstract concepts, use the subjunctive

Unit 36: Discuss science, use the conditional

Unit 37: Use modals, use conditionals


Use modals

Potete lasciare i piatti qui. You can leave the plates here.
Chi vuole un panino? Who wants a sandwich?
Devi mangiare qualcosa. You have to eat something.
Cosa possiamo mangiare? What can we eat?
Devo cambiare la mia dieta? Do I have to change my diet?

Non posso!

To say that you can do something, use the verb potere.

subject verb (potere)
io posso
tu puoi
lui / lei può
noi possiamo
voi potete
loro possono

Keep in mind that you’ll use an infinitive after potere.

Lei può venire con noi. She can come with us.

Use conditionals

Saresti venuto con noi? Would you have come with us?
Mi avresti potuto dire tutto. You could have told me everything.
Non lo avrei fatto. I would not have done it.
Mi avresti fatto molto felice. You would have made me very happy.
Dove avresti trovato un'opportunità simile? Where would you have found such an opportunity?

Avrei detto qualcosa

You've already seen that Italian uses a special verb form to say would, like penserei or offriresti.

Now we'll have a look at how to say things were possible in the past, like I would have called or you would have believed.

First, use the would form of avere that matches who you're talking about. Then change the next verb ending to ‑ato, ‑uto, or ‑ito.

Io avrei lasciato quel posto. I would have left that place.
Avresti conosciuto mio cugino. You would have met my cousin.

Usually, you'll use ‑ato for verbs that end in ‑are, ‑uto for ‑ere verbs, and ‑ito for ‑ire verbs.